Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) contributed to almost three in four deaths last year, according to the latest Global Burden of Disease Study.
The analysis of cause-specific mortality for 282 causes in 195 countries and territories from 1980 to 2017 showed NCDs contributed to 73.4 per cent of total deaths in 2017.
The number of deaths from NCD causes increased by 22.7 per cent from 2007 to 2017, representing an additional 7.61 million deaths estimated in 2017 versus 2007. Total years of life lost (YLLs) from NCD causes increased by 13.6 per cent. The overall death and YLL rates from NCDs decreased over the same period, however, the authors noted that declines in deaths rates from some NCDs have slowed or ceased.
Half of all global deaths in 2017 were caused by just four preventable risk factors; hypertension, smoking, high blood glucose, and high body mass index (BMI).
Communicable, maternal, neonatal and nutritional (CMNN) causes contributed to 18.6 per cent of total deaths.
The study noted the number of deaths was greater for men than for women at most ages, except at ages older than 85 years.