Sperm quality could be an indicator of general male health, with low sperm count associated with poorer metabolic, cardiovascular and bone health. That is according to new research presented at ENDO 2018, the Endocrine Society's 100th annual meeting.
The study included 5,177 men of infertile couples who had a sperm analysis as part of a comprehensive health evaluation, which also included measurement of reproductive hormones and metabolic parameters.
The authors found men with low sperm count (
Men with low sperm count had higher BMI, waist circumference, systolic blood pressure, LDL cholesterol, triglycerides, and homeostatic model assessment (HOMA)-index, along with lower HDL cholesterol and higher prevalence of metabolic syndrome.
The study’s lead investigator, Alberto Ferlin stressed that treatment of male infertility should not focus only on having a child. "Men of couples having difficulties achieving pregnancy should be correctly diagnosed and followed up by their fertility specialists and primary care doctor because they could have an increased chance of morbidity and mortality," he said.