Malaria rates are remaining stable in the European region, according to the latest data from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC).
For 2017, 8,401 cases were reported in the European Union/European Economic Area (EU/EEA), 8,393 (99.9%) of which were confirmed. From 2013-2015, the notification rate increased, but in 2016, it declined slightly and has been stable since. The overall notification rate in 2017 was 1.2 cases per 100,000 population, the same as in 2016 (8,225 cases).
Among 8,023 cases reported in 2017 with known importation status, 99.8 per cent were travel related. Twenty-one confirmed cases were reported as acquired in the EU - seven each by Greece and Italy, three by the UK, two by France and one each by Germany and Spain.
As in previous years, the overall rate of confirmed malaria cases was higher among men than women (1.7 cases and 0.8 cases per 100,000 population, respectively; ratio 1.9:1).
Among 4,874 confirmed cases for which the Plasmodium species was reported, 3,989 (81.8%) had Plasmodium falciparum, some of which were acquired within the EU/EAA.
Last week data emerged showing that multidrug-resistant forms of Plasmodium falciparum have caused treatment failures with front-line dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine in half of reviewed cases in Southeast Asia.