New findings suggest that resistance training (RT) may be a viable way to prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in people with pre-diabetes.
The randomised controlled trial (RCT) included 172 people with pre-diabetes, aged 55 to 75 years. Participants were assigned to a control group, an aerobic training (AT) group, an RT group or an AT plus RT group. Supervised exercise programmes were completed for 60 minutes per day, three non-consecutive days per week for 24 months.
The study found that the incidence of T2D was decreased by 74 per cent, 65 per cent and 72 per cent with AT plus RT, RT and AT, respectively, compared with control. Cumulative diabetes incidences were significantly lower in the AT plus RT, RT and AT groups compared with the control group (21%, 26% and 22% versus 69%, respectively).
“We showed that RT is a viable option for patients seeking to prevent or delay type 2 diabetes. This finding further expands established paradigms of lifestyle change for preventing type 2 diabetes and can inform clinician-patient discussions about delaying disease onset,” the authors said.
The study is published in Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews.