Hypertension: periodontitis may impact treatment


  • Mary Corcoran
  • Univadis Medical News
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Experts are urging that closer attention is paid to the oral health of hypertensive patients, after a new study found patients are more likely to benefit from antihypertensive therapy if they have good oral health. 

The study, published in Hypertension, examined the association between periodontitis and hypertension in hypertensive patients enrolled in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) in the United States between 2011 and 2014. 

Among treated hypertensive adults, systolic blood pressure (SBP) was about 2.3 to 3 mmHg higher in the presence of periodontitis (P<.0001 furthermore periodontal disease was significantly associated with about per cent higher risk of unsuccessful antihypertensive treatment compared the absence disease. treated adults periodontitis achieved a mean sbp that similar to untreated good oral health.>

The researchers say patients with periodontal disease may warrant closer blood pressure monitoring, while those diagnosed with hypertension or persistently elevated blood pressure might benefit from a referral to a dentist. “Physicians should pay close attention to patients' oral health, particularly those receiving treatment for hypertension, and urge those with signs of periodontal disease to seek dental care," study lead investigator, Davide Pietropaoli of the University of L'Aquila in Italy.