The European Commission has decided to refer Italy to the Court of Justice of the European Union (EU) due to its failure to transpose the revised basic safety standards for protection against the dangers arising from exposure to ionising radiation (Council Directive 2013/59/Euratom).
The Directive modernises and consolidates European radiation protection legislation. These rules lay down basic safety standards to protect workers, members of the public and patients against the dangers arising from exposure to ionising radiation. This also includes emergency preparedness and response provisions that were strengthened following the 2011 Fukushima nuclear accident in Japan.
In December 2013, EU Member States agreed to transpose the Directive by 6 February 2018 and to communicate to the Commission the measures and provisions adopted in national law.
In May 2018, the Commission decided to open EU infringement proceedings against Italy by sending a letter of formal notice, followed by a reasoned opinion in January 2019, following its failure to transpose the rules.
To date, no legislation transposing the Directive into Italian national law has been adopted and/or notified to the Commission by the Italian authorities. Therefore, the Commission has decided to refer Italy to the Court.