People who regularly eat a variety of nuts have a lower risk of developing cardiovascular disease or coronary heart disease compared to people who never or almost never eat nuts, according to a new study published the Journal of the American College of Cardiology. The study is the largest to date looking at frequency of nut consumption in relation to incident cardiovascular disease.
Researchers examined data on more than 210,000 men and women, and found participants who consumed five or more servings of nuts a week had a 14 per cent lower risk of cardiovascular disease and a 20 per cent lower risk of coronary heart disease than participants who never or almost never consumed nut. The results were similar when accounting for consumption of tree nuts, peanuts, and walnuts individually.
There was no evidence of an association between total nut consumption and risk of stroke, but the consumption of peanuts and walnuts was inversely associated with the risk of stroke.
“Our findings support recommendations of increasing the intake of a variety of nuts, as part of healthy dietary patterns, to reduce the risk of chronic disease in the general populations,” said lead author, Marta Guasch-Ferre.